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فهرست مقالات

An Investigation of the Level of compliance with Standards in Family Performance in the Field of Infant Care and its Relationship with Some Factors in the Families Referring to Medical Clinics of Ardabil City

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(5 صفحه - از 1 تا 5)

چکیده:

Introduction and purpose: Infancy is one of the most sensitive life stages which needs accurate knowledge and presentation of careful cares. Since family is considered as a valuable element in presenting services to newborns, the present study aims to determine the level of compliance with standards in family performance in the field of infant care in the families referring to Medical Clinics of Ardabil City in 1395 (2016). Methodology: In this cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study, 132 families having infants attending in Clinics of Ardabil City selected by the access method were studied. Criteria to enter into the study include caring infant by family, healthiness of the infant from birth, lack of history of hospitalization during infancy and non-membership of parents as health staffs. Data were collected through author-made questionnaire which its validity was fulfilled using recommendations of 10 professional experts in this field and its reliability was fulfilled after doing an preliminary study and determining Cronbach’s alpha (ɑ = 0.80). Data were analyzed by SPSS Statistics 21. Findings: The average score for overall family performance in field of family’s baby caring, of the total score 270 is 224/053±0/5246. This means the overall family performance in the field of baby caring had been at a very low level. Of 132 studied samples, 60 persons (45 per cent) had female infants and 72 persons (55 per cent) had male infants. In fathers, the most frequency relates to self-employed persons (50.5 per cent) and the least frequency relates to unemployed persons (4.5 per cent). Also, results from mothers’ employment indicate that the most frequency relates to house-wives (90.9 per cent) and the least frequency relates to employees (9.1 per cent). Results indicate that by promotion of parents’ education, standards of baby caring increases, too. But employment variables in this context have not important roles. Discussion and conclusion: The level of compliance with standards from the families participated in the present research in the field of infant care was very good. The present study showed that the level of family performance in the field of standards in baby caring closely relates to some specifications of family and also some family characteristics are able to predict standards of infant care. Therefore, the more the level of specifications of family is promoted, the more standards of baby caring are increased.

خلاصه ماشینی:

Since family is considered as avaluable element in presenting services to newborns, the present study aims to determine the level of compliance with standards in family performance in the field of infant care in thefamilies referring to Medical Clinics of Ardabil City in 1395 (2016). Therefore, because family performance is considered as one of important indexes warranting quality of life and health of the whole family in the field of caring for children and especially infants, and by considering the fact that researches have not much information about knowledge of families regarding caring standards of infants and studies have not been found in this field, so the present study aimed to determine the level of compliance with standards in family performance in the field of infant care and its relationship with some factors in the families referring to clinics of Ardabil City in 2016 so that by use participation activities of parents and families in promoting health of community so that nowadays World Health Organization (WHO) has declared that family participation is the base of promotion of health and the main key of presenting early health services (Yari, 2009). Table 1- Frequency of distribution of persons based on demographic characteristics {مراجعه شود به فایل جدول الحاقی} Table 2- Descriptive information of variables {مراجعه شود به فایل جدول الحاقی} Discussion Results indicated that the level of compliance with standards by the families participated in the present research in the field of infant care has been at a very good level. Conclusion The present study indicates that the level of family performance in the field of standards of infant care is at a very good level but according to the fact that a big part of community health relates to correct implementation of the plan of Limitations of the study One of the limitations of the present study is lack of adequate place to interview with the persons.

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